Detection of DDoS attacks with feed forward based deep neural network model

Cil A. E. , YILDIZ K. , BULDU A.

Expert Systems with Applications, vol.169, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 169
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eswa.2020.114520
  • Title of Journal : Expert Systems with Applications
  • Keywords: DDoS attack, DNN model, Deep learning, Network traffic


© 2020 Elsevier LtdAs a result of the increase in the services provided over the internet, it is seen that the network infrastructure is more exposed to cyber attacks. The most widely used of these attacks are Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks that easily disrupt services. The most important factor in the fight against DDoS attacks is the early detection and separation of network traffic. In this study, it is suggested to use the deep neural network (DNN) as a deep learning model that detects DDoS attacks on the sample of packets captured from network traffic. DNN model can work quickly and with high accuracy even in small samples because it contains feature extraction and classification processes in its structure and has layers that update itself as it is trained. As a result of the experiments carried out on the CICDDoS2019 dataset containing the current DDoS attack types created in 2019, it was observed that the attacks on network traffic were detected with 99.99% success and the attack types were classified with an accuracy rate of 94.57%. The high accuracy values obtained show that the deep learning model can be used effectively in combating DDoS attacks.