Evaluation of the interaction between proliferation, oxidant-antioxidant status, Wnt pathway, and apoptosis in zebrafish embryos exposed to silver nanoparticles used in textile industry

Eryılmaz O., Ates P. S., Unal I., Ustundag U. V., Bay S., Alturfan A. A., ...More

JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY, vol.32, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jbt.22015
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: apoptosis, oxidant-antioxidant status, silver nanoparticles, Wnt pathway, zebrafish embryo, GLYCOGEN-SYNTHASE KINASE-3-BETA, CYCLIN D1, CELL-PROLIFERATION, TOXICITY, NANOMATERIALS, TRANSPORT, STRESS, PCNA
  • Marmara University Affiliated: Yes


Antimicrobial textile products are developing rapidly as an important part of functional textiles. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are nanotechnology products with antimicrobial properties. However, exposure to nanoparticles in daily life is an important issue for public health, still being updated. Aim was to evaluate the effects of AgNPs on the development of zebrafish embryos focusing on Wnt pathway, proliferation, oxidant-antioxidant status, and apoptosis. The expressions of ccnd1 and gsk3 beta were determined by RT-PCR, whereas beta-catenin and proliferative cell antigen (PCNA) expressions were determined immunohistochemically. Lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione-S-transferase activities were determined spectrophotometrically. Apoptosis was determined using acridine orange staining. Oxidant status, apoptosis, immunohistochemical PCNA, and beta-catenin staining increased, whereas ccnd1 and antioxidant enzyme activities decreased in AgNPs-exposed embryos in a dose-dependent manner. Our results indicate the interaction of possible mechanisms that may be responsible for the toxic effects of AgNPs in zebrafish embryos.