Woody vegetation of şile and its environs (Istanbul/Turkey) and destruction of the area

Sezer Y., Altay V., ÖZYİĞİT İ. İ. , Yard C.

Journal of Environmental Biology, vol.36, no.1, pp.163-170, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Environmental Biology
  • Page Numbers: pp.163-170
  • Keywords: Forest vegetation, Phytosociologic, Phytoecologic, Soil analysis, FOREST VEGETATION, DIVERSITY, SYNTAXONOMY, REGION, TURKEY


The woody vegetation of Şile district (Istanbul/Turkey), and its characteristics in conjunction with its environs are presented in this study. The field studies were performed using classic Braun-Blanquet method during 2003-2010 periods. In the present study three associations, two from forest vegetation and one from maquis vegetation, were characterized in the field. One of these associations is new and its description, typification and syntaxonomy was proposed. Phytosociological and phytoecological features of all three associations were compared with their relatives and related discussion was done accordingly. The associations described in the present study were as follows: Phillyreo-Lauretum nobilis, Smilaco- Castanetum sativae, Fago orientalis-Quercetum ibericae ass. nova. Furthermore, some soil properties such as saturation, organic matter, pH, CaC03, K20 and P205 were analyzed. Relationship between vegetations, their ecological characteristics and protection of these vegetations against biotic pressures are outlined in the presentwork.