Propolis-Based Nanofiber Patches to Repair Corneal Microbial Keratitis


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Ulag S. , Ilhan E., Demirhan R., Sahin A. , Yilmaz B. , Aksu B. , ...More

MOLECULES, vol.26, no.9, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/molecules26092577
  • Title of Journal : MOLECULES
  • Keywords: corneal patch, electrospinning, microbial keratitis, nanofibers, propolis, P, aeruginosa, S, aureus, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, ELECTROSPUN, SCAFFOLD, GELATIN, FABRICATION, COMPOSITE, BLINDNESS, MEMBRANE, PROPERTY, HYDROGEL

Abstract

In this research, polyvinyl-alcohol (PVA)/gelatin (GEL)/propolis (Ps) biocompatible nanofiber patches were fabricated via electrospinning technique. The controlled release of Propolis, surface wettability behaviors, antimicrobial activities against the S. aureus and P. aeruginosa, and biocompatibility properties with the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were investigated in detail. By adding 0.5, 1, and 3 wt.% GEL into the 13 wt.% PVA, the morphological and mechanical results suggested that 13 wt.% PVA/0.5 wt.% GEL patch can be an ideal matrix for 3 and 5 wt.% propolis addition. Morphological results revealed that the diameters of the electrospun nanofiber patches were increased with GEL (from 290 nm to 400 nm) and Ps addition and crosslinking process cause the formation of thicker nanofibers. The tensile strength and elongation at break enhancement were also determined for 13 wt.% PVA/0.5 wt.% GEL/3 wt.% Ps patch. Propolis was released quickly in the first hour and arrived at a plateau. Cell culture and contact angle results confirmed that the 3 wt.% addition of propolis reinforced mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and wettability properties of the patches. The antimicrobial activity demonstrated that propolis loaded patches had antibacterial activity against the S. aureus, but for P. aeruginosa, more studies should be performed.