Thermal, physical, structural, thermomechanical features and single gas permeation comparison of fluorine, phenyl phosphine oxide-based copolyimides with poly(dimethylsiloxane)

Bicen M., KARATAŞ S. , KAYAMAN APOHAN N. , Gungor A.

POLYMER BULLETIN, vol.74, no.6, pp.2217-2244, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00289-016-1832-y
  • Title of Journal : POLYMER BULLETIN
  • Page Numbers: pp.2217-2244


In this study, a series of copolyimide have been obtained, using a newly synthesized monomer named bis-(3-aminophenoxy-3-trifluoromethyl-4-phenyl)phenylphosphine oxide (m-BA6FPPO), 4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)diphthalic anhydride (6FDA), 4,4'-oxydianiline (ODA) and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS, amine terminated, M (n) = 2500 g/mol). Homogeneous cavity distribution and homogeneous porosity appeared for the copolyimide containing 1.5 wt% of poly(dimethylsiloxane). The tensile strength and modulus of the materials containing 1.5 wt% of poly(dimethylsiloxane) had the highest values among others. The decomposition temperatures increased with increase of PDMS content. In general, hybrid materials were transparent. Storage moduli of 1.5 and 2 wt% of silicone containing materials were greater than those of others. The optimum results for the single gas permeability were achieved at 1 bar for the materials containing 1.5 and 2 wt% poly(dimethylsiloxane). The volume fraction of silicone was determined from thermomechanical analysis at a certain temperature for each sample. The best correlation between volume fraction of silicone and selectivities was obtained for CH4/CO2, CH4/N-2, CO2/O-2, CO2/N-2 and CH4/O-2. Bis-(3-aminophenoxy-3-trifluoromethyl-4-phenyl)phenylphosphine oxide ingredient in the same amounted silicone containing materials decreased the permeabilities of gases such as CO2, CH4, H-2, while increased O-2 permeability at 1 bar.