The Impacts on Greenhouse Gases Emission during the COVID-19 lockdown in the US: An Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment

Orak N. H., Alshehri K., Chen X.

LCE, Leuven, Belgium, 4 - 06 April 2022, pp.25-30

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.procir.2022.02.005
  • City: Leuven
  • Country: Belgium
  • Page Numbers: pp.25-30
  • Marmara University Affiliated: Yes


The SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic (COVID-19) is causing disruptions to energy, finance, tourism, and trade industries all around the world. These disruptions are the result of quarantining and lockdowns that cause reductions in production and consumptions. This change in production and consumption rates has environmental consequences. This study investigates the environmental effects of COVID-19 lockdown in the United States by Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (IO-LCA) approach. The analysis is based on extraction of economic data in the US. The simulated results are based on different durations and strategies of lockdown measures. Among all industrial categories, utilities, which include power generation and supply, water supply, and natural gas supply sectors, saw the most significant reductions by approximately 110 kt CO2-eq in the first quarter and 265 kt CO2-eq in the second quarter of 2020. The assessed reductions were the results of both direct emission reductions caused by the shutdown of certain industries and also indirect emission reductions from upstream industries. The proposed methodology provides an effective guideline to predict the greenhouse gases emissions, which can be used as a prediction method for different regions in the world.