The Experimental Investigation of the Effects on the Combustion, Performance, and Emission Characteristics of an RCCI Engine Using Methanol/Diesel Fuel

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Temur M., SAYIN C., YILMAZ İ. T.

Energies, vol.17, no.6, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/en17061436
  • Journal Name: Energies
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: combustion, emissions, engine performance, methanol, RCCI engine
  • Marmara University Affiliated: Yes


Reactivity-controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion is considered one of the most promising low-temperature combustion (LTC) concepts aimed at reducing greenhouse gases for the transportation and power generation sectors. RCCI combustion mode is achieved by combining different fuel types with low and high temperatures. The aim of this study is to investigate combustion characteristics and reduce nitrogen oxide (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. In this experimental study, the effects of the RCCI strategy using methanol/diesel fuel on combustion characteristics (ignition delay, combustion duration), engine performance (brake-specific fuel consumption and brake-specific energy consumption), and emissions were examined in a four-cylinder, turbocharged, dual-fuel engine. The experiments were conducted at a constant speed of 1750 rpm at partial loads (40 Nm, 60 Nm, 80 Nm, and 100 Nm). The test results obtained with diesel fuel were compared with the test results obtained with methanol at different mass flow rates. When the results were examined, the minimum ignition delay (ID) occurred at 40 Nm torque, 5.63 crank angle (CA) with M12 fuel, while the maximum ID occurred with M26 fuel at 80 Nm torque, showing an increasing trend as engine load (EL) increased. The highest combustion time (CD) was achieved with M26 fuel at 100 Nm torque, whereas the lowest was achieved with the same fuel (M26) at 40 Nm. While the minimum brake-specific fuel consumption (bsfc) was 45.9 g/kWh for conventional diesel fuel at 40 Nm, the highest bsfc was 104.88 g/kWh for 100 Nm with M26 fuel. Generally, bsfc tends to increase with increasing load. Brake-specific energy consumption (bsec) had the lowest value of 1950.58 kJ/kWh with conventional diesel fuel at 40 Nm and the highest value of 4034.69 kJ/kWh with M26 fuel at 100 Nm. As the methanol content increased, significant improvements were observed in (NOx) and (CO2) emissions, while hydrocarbon (HC) and oxygen (O2) emissions increased as well. Smoke emissions decreased at low loads but tended to increase at high loads.