Determinants of Regional Well-Being and Inequality in Turkey


Deniz P. (Executive), Karahasan B. C. (Executive), Pınar M.(Executive), Polat U.

Universities of Other Countries Supported Project, 2019 - 2020

  • Project Type: Universities of Other Countries Supported Project
  • Begin Date: April 2019
  • End Date: January 2020

Project Abstract

Two of the main aims of governments are to increase the wellbeing of its citizens and eliminate the well-being disparities across its regions. To do this, policymakers at national and regional level require information about (or need to understand) the reasons and factors that explain the wellbeing and inequality differences among its citizens and regions. This project aims to contribute to the literature (and understanding of policymakers) by: 1) examining the political factors’ contribution to the subjective well-being of citizens in Turkey beyond the already known factors (such as standard of living, education, health outcomes of its citizens) and 2) examining the effects of market access of regions to public resources, institutional and political setting on the regional income differences by examining the firm-level performances. This project will organise secondary data available on individual well-being, regional data on public resource allocations, electoral vote distribution across regions, and regional firm-level data to examine the above-mentioned factors’ contribution to citizens’ wellbeing and regional disparities in Turkey. Furthermore, during this project, project participants will organize a workshop on “regional development in Turkey” (September-October 2019), which will gather academics, policymakers, and public to share their knowledge in the specific area and also allow us to disseminate the findings our project to generate non-academic impact. This project requests £24,025 to cover research assistance, and travel and subsistence costs (travels between and within Turkey and the UK), and cost of organizing workshop, and participation to two international conferences. The expected outcomes of this project will be production of 2 journal articles, organization of workshop, participation to two international conferences, and establishment of partnership to apply future external funding, and dissemination of research outcomes to policymakers.

This project aims to contribute to the literature (and understanding of policymakers) by: 1) examining the political factors’ contribution to the subjective well-being of citizens in Turkey beyond the already known factors (such as standard of living, education, health outcomes of its citizens) and 2) examining the effects of market access of regions to public resources, institutional and political factors on the regional income differences. Furthermore, another aim of this project is to conduct workshop on regional development in Turkey to share knowledge and dissemination of the findings of this research project.

By achieving the above stated aims, this project plans to address the following UN sustainable development goals, which are closely aligned with the respective research as follows: Goal 1 (poverty) (i.e., political determinants of well-being), Goal 3 (good health and well-being) (i.e., market access to health and well-being relationship), Goal 10 (reduced inequality) (i.e., regional inequality within Turkey and its determinants).

This is a challenge- (or problem-led) mono-disciplinary research project where we aim to understand the political determinants of well-being beyond the individual characteristics (income, health, education outcomes) and also examine the effect of accessibility of public resources on the regional performance of firms and its spillover effect on regional well-being. Even though, there has been extensive research on determinants of subjective well-being determinants and determinants of firm performance, there has been little research on the effect of political representation on subjective well-being in Turkey and the effects of resource accessibility and political factors on firm performance.