The effectiveness of historical evidence in the teaching of history subjects in primary education social studies course


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Marmara University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Turkey

Approval Date: 2002

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: AYDIN BALKAYA

Supervisor: Ali Yılmaz

Abstract:

With this research, by studying the effectiveness of historical evidences in teaching first degree Primary School Social Sciences lessons, the thougths of teachers about historical evidence and their thougths about the difficulties; ways of getting evidence; the position of using evidence and the addition of evidences to effective teaching methods have been determined. What about interests of students to historical evidences ? What are the differences between the lessons the evidences have been used and the lessons these evidences have not been used? Such questions have been answered. By considering studies made related with this subject; documents, pictures and other sources that can be used as a historical evidence, have been fixed. The study was established, as based on "Questioning method" as it aimed to demonstrate class teachers' opinions, perceptions and determinations about the confirmation of historical evidences, that are used in teaching of history subjects within the Primary School Lesson Program and to demonstrate the methods related with usage of evidences, besides it has been established on the "Test method" as it aimed to define cause-result relations; between the lessons historical evidences have been used and lessons that evidences have not been used, including controlled observation method. Due to findings got by researchs, it has been determined that what historical concept meant and which teaching means could be described as historical evidence. It has been decided that effectiveness of teaching in history lessons could be promoted by the method of using historical evidences by confirming, getting and devoloping historical evidences. It has been concluded that, because of the necessity of using historical evidences, the capability of the students' based on using historians' studying methods, must be developed for having more useful history lessons.