Okul çağındaki çocuklarda beslenme alışkanlıklarının ağız-diş sağlığı ve ağız florasındaki lactobacıllus türleri üzerine etkilerinin incelenmesi


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Marmara University, Institute Of Health Sciences, Department Of Nutrition And Dietetic, Turkey

Approval Date: 2018

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: DİCLE KARĞIN

Supervisor: Burcu İrem Omurtag Korkmaz

Abstract:

Objective: This study was planned with the aim of investigation of the effects of nutritional habits on oral health and lactobacillus species in oral flora in school aged children.

Study design/ methodology: This study was carried out with the participation of 112 children aged 6-14 and their parents who applied to the Pedodontics Clinic Dental Faculty of Marmara University. An evaluation questionnaire was used as a data collection tool and 24-hour recall food consumption records of participants were collected. Saliva samples were collected from participants who had anthropometric measurements. Dental examinations were performed with children participated in the study.

Findings: 44,6% of the children were male and 5,4% were female. While 56,3% of the children had normal BMI, 36.6% were overweight-obese and 7.1% were weak. When children's dietary qualities were evaluated according to the Healthy Eating Index, it was found that 89,3% were "poor diet" and 10,7% were "moderate diet". It was determined that 11,6% of the children could not have a toothbrushing habit. It was determined that 85,7% of the children participating in the study had at least one decay, 88,4% had at least one filled and 6,3% had at least one missing teeth. Median of the DMFT index were 6,0 and there was no significant difference between boys and girls (p>0,05). There was a positive correlation between the DMFS index and the number of main meals in children (p<0,05). Average of DMFS index of children who consumed fruit as a snack was higher than children who do not consume fruit (p<0,05). There was a negatively weak correlation between the BMI of children and the number of caries (p<0,001) and DMFS index (p<0,05). Lactobacillus was detected in 5% of children receiving saliva, and the number of decay in children who were lactobacilli was higher in saliva samples than in children without lactobacilli (p<0,05).

Results: Unhealthy snacks that cause excessive weight gain and increased BMI in children should be restricted to high calorie food consumption and children should be encouraged to have healthy eating habits.

 

Keywords: School aged children, oral health, Healthy Eating Index, lactobacillus